Saturday, May 23, 2020
Introduction: Supply chain management is an integrated process that constitutes the various stages through which a product passes prior to reaching the ultimate consumer. Every product or service is designed in such a manner that it is able to meet the requirements of its target consumers. Through a well formulated and managed supply chain process, products that are manufactured are able to reach out to its consumers effectively and through the process it is possible to make it available at a convenience to the customers. The processes constituted in the supply chain system are continuously active and are always being monitored and managed by several people across the system. An efficient supply chain management system ensures that there is speedy delivery of the product from the stage of the manufacturing through the various channels for delivering it to the consumers. The usual supply chain comprises of raw materials being supplied by different suppliers to a manufacturer who then sends the finished product through a vast distribution network further comprising of a distributor, wholesaler and a retailer through to the final customers who purchase the product. There is a percentage of income that is earned on the product at each stage of the process when the product passes through to the next stage. The price at which a customer purchases the product includes all the costs and margins that are collected at the different stages of the supply chain. Without anShow MoreRelatedSupply Chain Management For A Competitive Advantage1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescompetitive advantage. It is called supply chain management and it includes all integrated activates which introduce to market place and maintain customer satisfaction. This supply chain management drives from multi- disciplinary departments such as procuring, transportation, manufacturing products, c ustomer services, distribution of product into integrated program. Successful management will be in coordination and integrated in all these activate in an unbroken chain process. It supports and interconnectedRead More1.1 Explain the Importance of Effective Supply Chain Management in Achieving Your Organizational Objectives.1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1.1 Explain the importance of effective supply chain management in achieving your organizational objectives. Supply Chain Management as defined as Maximising added value and reducing total cost across the entire trading process through focusing on speed and certainty of response to the marketÃ¢â¬ . Competitive Edge through Core Competencies Todays business climate has rapidly changed and has become more competitive as ever in nature. Businesses now not only need to operate at a lower cost toRead MoreThe Implementation Of Ssme Has Two Core Issues805 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The implementation of SSME has two core issues, one is the integrated supply chain, another one is customer needs. Specifically, the operation within the entire supply chain should not be split into several parts, each sector of supply chain should consider customers requirements. Due to the existence of gap between Supply Chain Management and SSME, the concept of Service Science can not be implemented well in practice and the customer requirements still can not be well satisfied. In additionRead MoreAssignment 2: Chain Management at Durham International Manufacturing Company (Dimco)1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAssignment 2: Chain Management at Durham International Manufacturing Company (DIMCO) Case Study Determine whether integration efforts should start with suppliers, distribution, or both. Explain the rationale for your decision. What are the basic components of a supply chain? Most companies are utilizing a five supply chain components, in order to bring products to the marketplace. The five supply chain components are Suppliers, Manufacturers, Distributors, Retailers, and Consumers/Customers. EffectiveRead MoreSupply Chain Risk Management Analysis1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Uta JÃ ¼ttner, (2005),Supply chain risk management, The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 16 Iss 1 pp. 120 - 141. Supply chain risk management is an intersection of supply chain management and risk management. For this we need to understand the benefits and as well as the limitations of both the concepts. Supply chain risk is about any threat of interruption in the order of workings of the supply chain. This Risk is generated as result of risk Ã¢â¬ËdriversÃ¢â¬â¢ that are internal or externalRead MoreLogistics And Supply Chain Management1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLogistics and supply chain management is an important aspect of a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy for the business to achieve success by creating value throughout the logistics and supply chain. The research paper will outline the concepts that are involved in creating the logistics and supply management framework. The logistics and supply chain management strategies will drive success for the company towards fulfilling and supporting customer needs, procurement and manufacturing operations of the firm. This researchRead MoreLogistics Management And Supply Chain Management1171 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLogistics and Supply Chain Management Topic: Do the terms, Ã¢â¬Ëlogistics managementÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ësupply chain managementÃ¢â¬â¢ have the same meaning in operations and why logistics management might be of strategic importance to a manufacturing or service organisation. During last two decades, the importance of logistics has been noticed around the world. In global markets, the effects and further developments of logistics and supply chain management for corporate success has increased significantly that resultRead MoreRubber Company1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2) Why did Harrison focus on an integrated supply chain as a significant element of AtlasÃ¢â¬â¢ new strategic plan? As Harrison and his team found that Atlas lacked integrated supply chain capabilities due to which disjointed distribution network was there and various third Ã¢â¬â partly logistic companies were used which lead to many problems and challenges. And logistics was only considered as a storage and distribution function rather than a strategic supply chain process. As Harrison came out with a strategicRead MoreSupply Chain Risk Management Plan1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages(2005),Supply chain risk management, The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 16 Iss 1 pp. 120 - 141. Ã¢â¬Å"Supply chain risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization s capital and earnings that are caused by the organization s Supply Chain.Ã Companies with supply chain risk management plans in place typically place a chief risk office(CRO) in charge of overseeing the effectiveness of the organization s supply chain management strategyRead MoreIbm Supply Chain1592 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages* Supply Chain Management In IBM: * Early 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s: decentralized geographic and functional departments * Mid-late 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s: Distribution and logistics functions centralized into a global organization with world-wide responsibility * Early 2000Ã¢â¬â¢s: merger of Customer Fulfillment, Procurement, Manufacturing, and Global Logistics/Distribution functions into a new global Integrated Supply Chain function * Result: cost savings of $5.6B in 2002 and $7B in 2003 * A Case study
Monday, May 18, 2020
The Importance of Innovation Architecture The importance of innovation architecture is to start with a vision and generate a company platform designed of new processes, create an open-culture and pursue a unique management system. All three of these components support and work well with innovation architecture. Google, Netflix and Ikea have built a framework designed of new company culture, management systems and process that have capitalized their business on innovation and intrapreneurship. Google Google has a unique approach of keeping an effective organization culture by keeping innovation running and going through employee empowerment. According to an article from Forbes, GoogleÃ¢â¬â¢s secrets are empowering employees and creating as many channels as they can in order for manifestation, distinguishing different people and ideas (Google s Secrets of Innovation, 2013). Furthermore, in order to create a strong culture Google has an open culture where employees have the ability to directly email the company leaders. Hence, Google enriches their innovative leadership by enhancing the ability to encourage interactions between top leaders and subordinates. Another fascinating channel Google uses to boost company culture is through Google Cafes. Typically, when employees have a place, topic and motive new ideas spur and innovative interactions are stimulating. Secondly, GoogleÃ¢â¬â¢s management system and their eight pillars of innovation has lead them to maximize their fullSh ow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Innovation Architecture Essay1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Importance of Innovation Architecture The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines innovation as Ã¢â¬Å"a new idea, method, or deviceÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"the introduction of something newÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster, 2016). Ã¢â¬Å"NewÃ¢â¬ almost always means change, which is a word that often strikes fear into the hearts of those who simply like to keep things as they have always been. Companies who pursue innovation architecture must develop a culture of innovation that is deeply embedded in its DNA. Otherwise, ideas will perish from malnourishmentRead MoreThe Importance of Innovation Architecture1861 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Importance of Innovation Architecture Grand Canyon University: ENT-435 11/16/2014 Here is a reminder from the syllabus about the assignment requirements: For this assignment, you will research the innovation architecture of at least three companies that are well-known for successfully supporting a culture of innovation. Write a 1,500-word paper that addresses the following: 1. What particular elements of each organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture, processes, and management systems and styles workRead MoreThe Importance Of Innovation Architecture1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Importance of Innovation Architecture Ã¢â¬Å"Innovation generally refers to changing processes or creating more effective processes, products, and ideas (Business, 2017). Innovation mean to put in to place new ideas, generating powerful products, or improving your existing services (Business, 2017). Innovation can be a spark for the growth and success of a company, and help them to adapt and grow in the marketplaceÃ¢â¬ (Business, 2017). Innovative is not only inventing, but changing your business modelRead MoreThe Domain Of Service Oriented Architecture1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesservice oriented architecture (SOA) Web oriented architecture (WOA). In this essay I have tried to understand the concepts of architecture styles, their importance in healthcare organizations, comparative study between both architecture based systems and their impacts on the business and took the effort to critically analyse the suitability to deploy these architecture based systems in the healthcare industry. Key words: Service oriented architecture (SOA), Web oriented architecture (WOA), HealthcareRead MoreUsing A Tool Of Stem Innovation1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhile working outside with my father building a tuff shed in the backyard, we needed to use a tool of STEM innovation. Can you guess what that innovation could be? It was the wheel barrow, now I know what you are saying, Ã¢â¬Å"The wheelbarrow isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a lever!Ã¢â¬ Actually the wheel barrow is an innovation of the lever because it has the components of a fulcrum, load, and effort force which is exerted. The wheelbarrow falls under first-class lever because the fulcrum placed between the load and effort to giveRead MoreWhat Changes Would You Go Up Down After Years Of Success?1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstockholders willing to invest money into my organization, in order to franchise and build brand recognition. In class, we discussed that innovation is change that adds value. Therefore, do you think the lack of innovative development caused your business to shut down? There are many factors that caused my business to shut down, so I wouldn t say that the lack of innovation was the only reasoning. However, it definitely played a tremendous role and affected my customerÃ¢â¬â¢s overall experience! As I mentionedRead MoreThe Civilization Of Ancient Rome1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesempire to conquer most of the Mediterranean Sea basin, the first being the Ancient Greeks. After taking over the former Greek Empire, the Romans assimilated many aspects of Greek culture into their own, including the Greek Architecture. The main attributions to Ancient Roman architecture are cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems. The Roman Architectural Revolution is also known as the Concrete Revolution. This is because during the Roman Empire s thriving period, Roman architectsRead More Roman Empire Innovations Essay1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRomans found new societal and technological innovations which led their empire to be a sustainable society. These innovations helped the Roman Empire to be successful and peaceful. They aided in making everyone content, including the conquered and prevented wars from breaking out within the empire. Technological innovations helped the citizens live a comfortable and healthy life. New innovations included new beneficial laws. The last king of Rome was Tarquin the Proud. A harsh tyrant, he was drivenRead MoreHow Technology Has Changed Our Lives1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinfluenced by its urban and natural landscape. Her mother, a geologist, was another way Weiss formed her interests the inclusion of the earth into her designs. Her educational background is in architecture, consisting of a Bachelor of Science in Architecture from the University of Virginia and a Masters of Architecture from Yale University. Some other influences of hers include the topography she encountered in her travels of Europe, including the great gardens of Italy and Spain. Weiss also worked forRead MoreInformation Technology : An Organization1049 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInformation Technology (IT) is a critical and, oftentimes, complex component of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s structure. Despite its importance, IT is often viewed as a Ã¢â¬Ëblack holeÃ¢â¬â¢ by senior management of organizations- consuming valuable resources and asset s. Unfortunately, this mentality can greatly hinder the economic advancement capabilities and capacities of an organization. As previously indicated, IT is a critical component to both the daily and future business needs of an organization. Senior managers
Monday, May 11, 2020
Succeeding from certain countries is often a common solution that many would agree on in order to avoid problems within a nation. A war that includes this action is the civil war. After several disagreements of lifestyle, the South had succeeded from the United States of America. However, Abraham LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s initial goal was to keep the Union as a whole, as he continuously worked on achieving this goal. There are many accountable reasons for the Civil War, but the disagreement on slave vs. free states and the election of 1860 were the two main causes to the succeeding of the south. Slavery had always been a big issue in the 19th century. The south believed that slavery was essential for the development of the southern economy. As seen in document one, there is a strong controversy about the rights of slaves. Northerners had stated that they, Ã¢â¬Å"deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to slavery in any terri tory of the United States.Ã¢â¬ (Document 1). Southerners, on the other hand, believed that, Ã¢â¬Å"all citizens of the United States have an equal right to settle with their property in the Territory, without their rights, either of person or property, being...impaired...Ã¢â¬ (Document 1). The ongoing quarrel on the rights of slavery leads to continuous tension between the two divisions of the country. The North, which depends strictly on manufacturing and industrial factories, disapproves of the usage of slaveryShow MoreRelatedThe Civil War : The United States1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil War divided the United States with itsÃ¢â¬â¢ origin in the struggle to preserve the Union from the ConfederacyÃ¢â¬â¢s succession. A war to maintain the United States quickly progressed to battles fought because of the controversial beliefs on slavery in the North and South. In the coming of the Civil War there were questions and confusion that many Americans were faced with in the words of the SouthÃ¢â¬â¢s succession. During the war, families were torn due to the men lost to the Union or Confederate causesRead MoreThe United States Civil War918 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe United States civil war is thought of as what determined what kind of country we would be today. The U.S. civil war, otherwise known as the war of the states, began on April 12, 1861, and lasted until 1865. It consisted of the North (the Union) or the Ã¢â¬Å"free statesÃ¢â¬ , against the South (the confederates) the slave states. When Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860 he made promises of free territories, which caused a division between men who owned slaves and men who agreed with Lincoln. SlavesRead MoreUnited States And The Civil War1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUS Civil War United States of America was formed as a result of the revolution that continued from 1776 to 1783. After that, United States was divided into two wings/ parts that are the southern and the northern parts. Then conflict between the two aroused because the northern and the southern societies were totally different of each other in terms of economic structure, social class, politics and other social matters especially slavery. The civil war, that started in 1861 and ended in 1865, wasRead MoreThe Civil War : The United States909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Civil War was one of the most pivotal and significant moments in the history of the United States of America. Therefore, its impact of the Civil War was tremendous, and in many ways has shaped the way the United States has evolved into the present. The Civil War brought lots of beneficial changes to America including economic, agriculture, military, and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. During the Civil War, women stepped out of their domestic do mains to help or support their husbands in the field, or other soldiersRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil War of the United States was a major and influential event in the history of our country. The Civil War shaped our nation and how we think of liberty in general. Such a big event in our antiquity must have been caused by a series of dominant events. However, a War of this size has many effects to go along with it. The most common effect thought of is the freedom of slaves, however, the Civil War was not just a war fought for freedom. One major cause of the Civil War was the issue of slaveryRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCivil War Slaves Freedom can be defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraintÃ¢â¬ . (Definition) Everyone in the United States of America is entitled to this basic human right, presented to us by our founding fathers, though it was not always that simple. Even though it was in the Constitution, many people living before the mid 18th century in the United States were not extended this right, due to their nationality or lack of fortune. Someone lackingRead MoreThe United States And The Civil War920 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesknown in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew t o include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additionalRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Blundering GenerationÃ¢â¬ Division among a population for opposing goals wasn t a new concept brought to light by the Civil War. Almost one hundred years prior to the Civil War, inhabitants of the thirteen colonies fought against each other towards their differing support for their wages of unity. Patriots fought Loyalists for coalition of the colonies, and likewise Northerners now fought Southerners for the preservation of the Union. The imminent breakup of the Union, likewise to the dissolutionRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Civil War was one of the most deadly wars the United States ever fought it was fought between the North and South and to this day still leaves a big mark on the history of the United States. Though the Civil War seemed to be clear cut on what happened during the conflict its cause is to this day seemingly undecided. Was it the simple piece of legislature called the Kansas-Nebraska act that started it or the election of the United States president Abraham Lincoln that caused the turmoil? EitherRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the United States was the Civil War. The Civil War is often remembered as the war to end slavery. While that did play a part of the Civil War the larger issue at hand was the annihilation of the United States of America. The Confederate States of America wanted to break away from the United States and form their own country. The Confederate States of America, or more commonly known as the Confederacy, was formed by seven slave states located in the southern region of the United States. The economy
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
http://jolt.richmond.edu/index.php/social-media-evidence-in-government-investigations-and-criminal-proceedings-a-frontier-of-new-legal-issues/ d. Search Google, looking for information about Facebook acting unethical in a non-US location. Look at 3 different links, give them here. What potential issues do you learn from these links? List them. In the first URL Facebook is being investigated to assess whether an experiment in which it manipulated users news feeds to study the effect it had on moods might have broken data protection laws, it has been reported. In the next URL a new paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals that Facebook intentionally manipulated the news feeds of almost 700,000 users in order to study Ã¢â¬Å"emotional contagion through social networks.Ã¢â¬ In the last URL a company name ElloÃ¢â¬â¢s policy states that the practice of collecting and selling personal data and mapping your social connections for profit Ã¢â¬Å"is both creepy and unethical.Ã¢â¬ http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/07/02/facebook-experiment-uk_n_5550262.html http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2014/06/facebook_unethical_experiment_it_made_news_feeds_happier_or_sadder_to_manipulate.html http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/10/25/business/tech/anti-facebook-social-network-gets-fresh-funding/ E. By what standard(s) would you determine whether FacebookÃ¢â¬â¢s actions with regards to developing and launching new products/services in the US were right orShow MoreRelatedSocial Medi The New Frontier Of Criminal Proceedings1750 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial Media Social media is moving rapidly towards pervasive connectivity that will have an impact on how digital search warrants should be granted. The majority of Americans on a daily basis utilize social media and the vast amount of the exchanged information is beyond measurable. Due to overwhelming social media usage, there is heightened concern among the public over what can be accessed by law enforcement officials and what should be the scope of their search warrants. Despite such concernsRead MoreJuvenile Crime Issues in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Criminal Justice System18893 Words Ã |Ã 76 Pagespart 5 Special Issues ISSUES FOR THE FUTURE The accused has these common law, constitutional, statutory, and humanitarian rights that may be threatened by technological advances and other developments: Ã © Ã © Ã © Ã © chapter 15 Juvenile Justice chapter 16 Drugs and Crime chapter 17 Terrorism and Multinational Criminal Justice chapter 18 The Future of Criminal Justice These individual rights must be effectively balanced against these present and emerging community concerns: Widespread drug abuse amongRead MoreAmerican Civil Rights Movement Essay15820 Words Ã |Ã 64 Pagesmovement (1950s) blacks were denied access to public places such as restaurants, hotels, theaters, and schools. There were separate facilities marked colored only, which was sanctioned by the courts. 1896 The Supreme Court: Ã¢â¬Å"Racial segregation was legal as long as separate but equalÃ¢â¬ 1954 The Supreme Court ruled that maintaining separate but equal schools for blacks and whites was unconstitutional. CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT (1950s Ã¢â¬â1960s). Goals: desegregation, fair housing, equal employmentRead MoreConsumers Laws Essays14341 Words Ã |Ã 58 Pagesin constitutional law and jurisprudence. Currently he is with Az Zaman, Advocates and Legal Consultants, Islamabad. He also sits on the Advisory Board of the Consumer Rights Commission of Pakistan. Abrar Hafeez Abrar Hafeez received his bachelor degree in Law from Punjab University. He specializes in constitutional and regulatory laws. He frequently writes on the issues of civil liberties, constitutional issues and consumer concerns. Currently he is working as Secretary-general of Consumer RightsRead MoreProject Report on Awerness of Consumer Protection Act14651 Words Ã |Ã 59 Pagesknowledge that a consumer should have about his/her legal rights and duties. It is must for a consumer to follow these rights. It is implemented for the protection of the consumer, so that the consumer is not exploited by the seller of the products. In the context of a democratic form of government, which depends for its sustenance upon the enlightenment of the populace, awareness is at once a social and political necessity. Today the frontiers of knowledge are enlarging with incredible swiftnessRead MoreEthical and Social Issues in Information Systems20165 Words Ã |Ã 81 PagesChapter 4 Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Analyze the relationships among ethical, social, and political issues that are raised by information systems. 2. Identify the main moral dimensions of an information society and specific principles for conduct that can be used to guide ethical decisions. 3. Evaluate the impact of contemporary information systems and the Internet on the protection of individualRead MoreHow to Safeguard the Well-Being of Children and Young People6459 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pagess directors with responsibility for local authority education and children s social services. ~lead councillors for children s services with political responsibility for local child welfare ~ the establishment of Local Safeguarding Children s Boards with statutory powers to ensure that social services, the NHS, education services, the police and other services work together to protect vulnerable children ~a new Common Assessment Framework to assist agencies in identifying welfare needs ~revisedRead MoreFuture Information Security Trends17051 Words Ã |Ã 69 Pagesprovide rigorous and systematic foreseeing knowledge for the implementation of the Finnish National Information Security Strategy (kansallinen tietoturvastrategia). The aim of the project was to study near-future information security issues that are related to, for example, new technologies, services, and business models. Our approach combines perspectives from different disciplines in order to better address the complexity of the focus area. We identified relevant future information security trends especiallyRead MoreNational Security Outline Essay40741 Words Ã |Ã 163 PagesDoctrine? 82 STANDING 83 JNM, SOLVING THE WAR PUZZLE, September 11th Its Aftermath: Terrorism, Afghanistan, The Iraq War 84 Incentive Theory Terrorism 84 Low Intensity Conflict and the International Legal System, JNM 89 Recommendations for Strengthening the International Legal System to Deal More Effectively with Low-Intensity Aggression 90 THE RULE OF LAW IN NATÃ¢â¬â¢L SECURITY AFFAIRS: In repealing the war powers resloution, Robert F. Turner 91 U.N. RESOLUTION 1441: 8 NOVEMBER 2002 96 Read MoreBusiness Journalism in India26104 Words Ã |Ã 105 Pages eclipse of the general interest magazines, (5) stagnation of news magazines, scope for special interest magazines. The role of the consumers purchasing power more important than editorial content 8 Magazines during post emergency boom Success of Ã¢â¬ËIndia TodayÃ¢â¬â¢. How can magazines (5) compete with the challenge posed by TV which now covers sports, celebrities, life style, news and business. How to find out if there is a niche for new magazines. Comment on Travel, Health, Technology and career-guidance
Introduction to Culture and Imperialism Edward Said Culture is one of the things that elude an accurate definition. Some of the various well-known definitions are cited by Said in his various works. For instance: Ã¢â¬Å"Culture is the learned, accumulated experience of the communities, and it consists of socially transmitted patterns of behavior. We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction to Culture and Imperialism or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã¢â¬ The final analysis of definition boils down to Ã¢â¬Å"socially transmitted patterns of behaviorÃ¢â¬ , and makes more sense, though like other definitions, it too cannot be taken as exact and conclusive. Said also cites anthropologist Clifford GreetyÃ¢â¬â¢s definition, An ordered system of meanings and symbols in terms of which social interaction takes place, and social system is the pattern of social interaction itself. Ã¢â¬ This definition too, has partial relevance to what culture amounts to. Said seems more in agreement with Matthew Arnold who regards culture as, Ã¢â¬Å"each societyÃ¢â¬â¢s reservoir of the best that has been known and thoughtÃ¢â¬ . Edward SaidÃ¢â¬â¢s entire professional life was devoted to the teaching of literature. As his critical outlook was influenced by his colonial social background, he could not help looking for imperialistic implications in literature. Imperialism too does not lend itself to a complete conclusive definition, though it is more easily comprehensible than the word culture. For a meaningful discussion, Solomon ModellÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of imperialism makes a good promise. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"Imperialism is a policy of extending a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s power beyond its own borders for the purpose of exploiting other lands and other people by establishing economic, social and political control over them. Ã¢â¬ Said gives an updated version of ModellÃ¢â¬â¢s definition in the following wordsÃ¢â¬ Imperialism means the practice, the theory and the attitude of a dominating metropolitan centre that rules a distant territory. Ã¢â¬ It is obvious that the interaction in imperialism takes place between the dominating and dominated nation. That interaction never develops in friendship, because of distrust and contempt on either side. The dominated nation never accepts the ideology and attitude of dominating nation. The best examp le is the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent, for instance, about 200 years of British rule could not bring friendship between Indians and British government. Literature not doubt is the mirror of culture. Said deplores the general attitude of the critics and readers who never care to look at the cultural aspects of the works of fiction, like the works of Carlyle, Ruskin or Even Dickens. On the other hand, he admires ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s persistence as he forecasts the unstoppable unrest and misrule of the Latin American republics and singles out North AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s particular way of influencing conditions in a decisive, yet barely visible way. He praised Ã¢â¬Å"The Heart of DarknessÃ¢â¬ by Conrad. Speaking of the interaction between imperialistic regime and colonized nation, he conceives culture as a protective enclosure where imperialist should stop to check his politics before he enters the door. Ã¢â¬Å"I found it a challenge not to see culture in this wayÃ¢â¬ , says Edward Said. Since the culture includes ideology and attitudes of a nation, any effort on the part of imperialist to subdue the culture of a nation invokes violent resistances. Palestine, Kashmir and Iraq are apt illustrations of the resistance, which results in blood acts of fighting and terrorism. Education, is the field, through which imperialist finds easiest access to the culture of the subjugated nation. As most of the third world countries are backward in education, imperialists launch so-called programs for educational development, to achieve their goal. British did this by setting up state-governed schools and colleges, the curriculum was designed to produce minor officials in cheap English dress, speaking shaky English. Introduction to culture and imperialism is an accurate appraisal of current world scenario around us. It is a warning for people of the world against imperialistic approach of US. Cold War has made US the sole power, being unprecedented. During the Cold War, US had to contribute for the socio-economic development of the third world countries. Its attitude was soft and plaint. It had to respect the mandate of the UNO. In the case of US aggression, the victim state could invoke the intervention of USSR, which US could afford to ignore. With the engineered fall of USSR, US emerged as the self-appointed lord of the world. Muslim militants groups were created, trained, organized and financed to cause the fall of USSR. These groups were made to believe that it was the war between Islam and communism. Heavy consignments of sophisticated arms were supplied to those warriors. Pakistan also had to pay a heavy price by playing a major part in the downfall of USSR. Islam came to be the next target of the sole Super Power of the world, as a potential challenge in the years to come. The oil-rich Iraq has already been laid waist in the ruthless hunt of WMDs. Afghanistan that spearheaded the war against communism, is now main target in the hunt of Osama. But the power-drunk Super Power does not bother about justifications for whatever it does, so long as it remains at the top. UNO is also helpless in this regard. US adopted the preemption policy. Even terrorism is the exclusive prorogation of the sole Super Power. The prorogation includes defining nuclear proliferation, and therefore Iran is presently on the hit list, whereas Pakistan likely to be the next target, gets an occasional growl from US administration. During 19th century immense power was concentrated in Britain and France as a result of industrialization. It was unprecedented and more formidable than power of Rome, Baghdad, Spain and Constantinople. In the later years, US also came up with Britain and France and that was peak of West domination. The rise was so fast that rate of acquisition of foreign territory had risen up to 247,000 square miles per year in 1914. During this time, US was forwarded as an empire. After annexation of North American territory, Plans were set afoot through intervention to Philippines, the Caribbean, Central America, the Middle East, Vietnam and Korea. Edward Said clearly labels as Imperialism whatever US is doing around the world. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"The goal of the US policy is to bring a world increasingly subject to the rule of law, and it is the United States, which organizes the peace and defines the law. United States imposes the international interests by setting the ground rules for economic development and military development across the planet. Ã¢â¬ Edward Said pins his hopes on a gradual development of awareness, culminating in a formidable, well-organized resistance that would eventually force US to think wise before meddling with sovereignty of other states, but this solution depends upon the numbers of factors which may or may not come together and it may take ages before they come. How to cite Introduction to Culture and Imperialism, Essay examples
Judging by the Cover,Ã¢â¬ is an essay written in 2003 by Bonny Gainley who is a consultant, speaker, and author. It originally appeared in an opinion column in a Colorado newspaper. Although non-discriminatory, she believes that people project messages about themselves with their appearance. This essay seems to be intended for recent graduates and young job seekers. The main point that she tries to explain to the reader is that even though our family and friends may accept us for who we are, employers may not. Gainley does make some really good points when discussing why people need to be aware of how they look. She seems to be trying to talk about too many issues in such a short article and it becomes very confusing and misleading, starting with the very first paragraph. She starts out by saying Ã¢â¬Å"Spring is in the air, and those about to graduate are looking for jobs just like many of the rest of us. We will write a custom essay sample on Judging by the Cover or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ã¢â¬ Her warning, which seems to be directed toward college students, does not flow with the rest of her article. Her story might have received more notice and flowed better if she would have started with the second paragraph instead. She explains how everyone wants to be accepted for how they are. Our family accepts us for who we are but our workplace may not. She uses an example from a high school newspaper. The editorial of this paper claimed it was unfair for business and professionals to discourage visible tattoos. It is misleading that she uses a high school newspaper when she has geared this article toward college students, but by saying this, she shows how juvenile and naive young adults may be for thinking companies would accept them regardless of how they look. For example, some people think what they see on television is reality, like the shows Ã¢â¬Å"Criminal Minds,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"NCIS. In these shows, they have someone who dresses Ã¢â¬Å"GothÃ¢â¬ and has a lot of tattoos. In real life you have to dress the part; dressing like that in the work place could be a distraction and a safety issue. She talks about not judging a book by its cover but then she says that sometimes people cover themselves on purpose, intending to send certain message. This paragraph was hard to understand. She seems to be trying to explain to the reader that although you should not judge a book by its cover, businesses often make assumptions by their appearance. Dress codes exist for a reason. Sometimes it is for safety reasons but sometimes itÃ¢â¬â¢s just about what the employers or clients are willing to accept. If a certain look or appearance might make a client uncomfortable then the company will decide that such an appearance is inappropriate or might pose an unnecessary risk for that company. While it does not seem right, employers do care about our appearance. Jobs exist to make money and right now there is a tough job market. With a lot of people out there looking for jobs, employers can afford to be picky. This is not about human rights and freedom, but about free enterprise. People are told to not discriminate against someone for something an applicant canÃ¢â¬â¢t control, and doing so would be illegal. With that being said, visible tattoos and body piercing are something very much controllable. She uses a very good example that runners would be at a disadvantage if they were to run 100 meters wearing combat boots. People who choose to have piercings and tattoos put themselves at a disadvantage. Imagine if 2 people walked into a job for an interview. They both had the same amount of experience, but one is dressed in a nice suite and the other has tattoos all down his arm. They are going to go with the person who looks nicer and fits into the type of company they have. During the whole article she makes it difficult to understand which side she is on, or if she even has a side. She then gives her opinion by stating how she does not have a problem with tattoos which takes away from the meaning she is trying to say. She was paid to hire someone that would make a good impression on her customers but by stating how she does not have a problem with them herself, she confuses the reader about her feelings regarding tattoos and piercings and the point that she is really trying to make. Her essay is a little outdated. While her essay might have been really good advice in 2003, I think more companies are open to the idea of tattoos and piercings as long as it is not excessive. At the same time, I do agree with what she is trying to say. People should be allowed to dress and look however they want, but at the same time, companies have a job to hire someone who they donÃ¢â¬â¢t consider risky or someone who they think might not offend their customers. Before you go out and get that new tattoo, or that new body piercing, jobseekers need to be aware that companies are not going to change to accommodate you. Time has a way of changing everything. What is acceptable now was not acceptable years ago. For example, in the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s, woman were not allowed to wear pants. Now, they have business suits out there just for women. So, over time, it may be okay to wear tattoos and piercings. When that time comes, there will be another thing deemed inappropriate for the workplace. Job seekers need to be aware of this and when looking for a job, they should wear appropriate clothes to the interview. Do not expect to wear Ã¢â¬Å"the latest fashionsÃ¢â¬ and be hired.
Thursday, April 30, 2020
Discuss how the environment and other influences, for example personal beliefs, have shaped the work of at least one artist you have studied this year. Refer to work done by this artist to substantiate your statements. Marc Chagall was a Russian/French artist who was born into a poor family of Hassidic Jews on the 7th July 1887. Throughout his working life he was based in Russia from 1906-1910, then he moved to France for four more years before moving back to Russia and Soviet Belarus for eight years. Chagall was strongly influenced, but not limited to, movements such as Cubism, Fauvism and Surrealism. These movements are demonstrated in his work through the geometric shapes, his use of colour and the seemingly random placement of people and objects in his works. Chagall described his work as, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ extravagant art, a flaming vermillion, a blue soul flooding over my paintings. Ã¢â¬ ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood in the small country town of Vitebsk, Belarus was happy and is another influence for his artworks. We will write a custom essay sample on Marc Chagall or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Small provincial ghettos are presented in some way in many of his artworks. Chagall said that, Ã¢â¬Å"The soil that nourished the roots of my art was VitebskÃ¢â¬ . Many childhood memories are presented in his artworks. His religion is also another large influence fore Chagall, many of his paintings include Jewish symbolism and refer to Judaism. There were limited opportunities to study art in Vitebsk and after an argument with his father; he moved to St Petersburg to study, he lived quite a risky and independent life. Shortly after, he moved to Paris where he met friends, Robert and Sonia Delauney. They were very influential to his style- predominantly in ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s use of colour and in his cubist technique. While living in the poverty areas of Paris, he lightened his palette and his use of colour became more harmonious and unified. This is the palette that creates the basis for some of his well known works such as Ã¢â¬Å"I and the VillageÃ¢â¬ (1911), Ã¢â¬Å"The Green ViolinistÃ¢â¬ (1923-24), and Ã¢â¬Å"SolitudeÃ¢â¬ (1933). Chagall has managed to produce many great works of art throughout his life and was greatly influenced by his surroundings, childhood, friends and Judaic religion. In 1911, Chagall was living in the poverty area of La Ruche. This is where he created Ã¢â¬Å"I and the VillageÃ¢â¬ , an artwork that is a dreamlike/surreal representation of ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood memories. This is a colourful and busy painting that has a subtle blend of organic and geometrical shapes within. The bright colours create interest as they are often contrasting with each other. For example, the green face against the red background. The colours are vivid and flat, with a minimal use of blending, this shows ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s use of fauvism. The minimal use of blending also adds to the form of the painting, which is quite flat in most areas and the objects look two-dimensional. The radial balance created by the lines leading into the centre of the artwork draw a specific emphasis to the main focal points, that is, the green man and the goat. The man is wearing a pink hat, a beaded necklace with the sign of the cross on it, a purple and yellow shirt and a ring with the Star of David on it symbolising Judaism. The man is holding up a bushel of leaves and it appears as though he is presenting it to the goat. The goat is placed within the golden mean and it is a close up of its head. The goat is composed of many geometrical shapes. It is looking into the eyes of the man and the man is looking into the eyes of the goat. This could symbolise that the man has a strong connection with the goat or the village in which the goat belongs to. In the background of the reveals street of houses and buildings, some of which are upside down adding to the surrealist feel of the artwork. In front of the houses there are two people, a man who is holding a pick and a woman who is upside down. The last significant feature in the artwork is the woman milking a goat, in the face of the larger goat. All of these objects and people within the artwork look like tributes from ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s memory of the rural village he grew up in. the lines of the geometrical shapes create unity. This is because of the circle in the middle of the artwork joining the man, the goat and the background. This artwork is a surreal representation of the town of Vitebsk where Chagall grew up. Chagall is trying to comment of the relationship of people with the land, which is demonstrated by the man looking at the goat as an equal and also by the woman milking a goat. As there are in many of ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s works, there is a spiritual reference in this artwork. The goat and the Star of David are the symbolic references. The goat is a great symbol of sacrifice for the Jewish religion. The colours in the artwork are reminiscent of the circus or other flamboyant events. The man could represent the ringmaster. This could all show the way in which man lives in harmony with animals and the environment. The large circle in the middle of the page could symbolise the sun and the all the chaos surrounding it could show that the earth and everything on it is dependent on the sun for life. The bright colours could also symbolise the fake world, opposed to that of the world when Chagall grew up. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Green ViolinistÃ¢â¬ (1923-24) we see a green man wearing a purple coat, which is composed of geometrical shapes. He is placed in the centre of the artwork and is standing on or floating in the air above a couple of houses playing a violin. The fact that he is the only object that is coloured brightly in secondary colours compared to the rest of the painting in neutral tones of browns and greys; the man is the main focal point. The geometric shapes of the purple coat are defined by the tonal changes, which reflect the suggested sunlight. In the background there is more houses and a man flies over the clouds above the houses. This adds to the dreamlike state of the painting. Chagall has used colour, shape, size, emphasis and balance to compose the artwork and communicate his ideas. The subject matter of the artwork is obvious as the colours are bright in contrast to the dull monotonous background. Also the subject matter has been placed in the centre of the artwork and makes most of the positive space. The symmetrical balance supports the harmony to the viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s eye. The cubist movement is evident through the geometrical shapes on the coat, the rectangles on the trousers and even in the circles that form the clouds in the sky. Fauvism is also represented by the colour of the man. Surrealism is illustrated through the proportion of the man in relation to the houses; he is larger than the houses and everything else around him. The dog in the bottom left corner is interested in the violinist, but also could be a vicious dog. The latter could also represent the persecution of the Jewish throughout Russia during the time period in which this artwork was painted. That fact that the violinist has been painted so vibrantly and differently to the background could also show that the Jews Ã¢â¬Ëdid not fit inÃ¢â¬â¢ throughout Europe and also shows how they were singled out, even though they were not any different. It is evident that ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s artworks in some way or another are connected to his hometown of Vitebsk. This artwork could symbolise the fearfulness of political changes that happened to the rural town of Vitebsk during the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s such as the change from the Tsarist rule (when Chagall was born) to the communist revolution that sent Russia into dismay. In Jewish villages the violinist is a significant character who plays at life changing ceremonies such as weddings, funerals, births, etc. therefore, the symbolic value of the violinist in this painting could be about the life hanging moments within the town. To stay true to ones character throughout the changes. This painting is a reflection of moving into the future and a recollection of ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s Jewish upbringing. The 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s was the decade of the depression and also the peak for the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s. ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s painting, Ã¢â¬Å"SolitudeÃ¢â¬ (1933) represents the feeling of the Jews in this time in history. This artwork depicts a middle-aged man, who looks biblical and is dressed in a white headdress, is holding a scriptural scroll and is sitting next to a goat with a violin. Above them flies a white angel (GodÃ¢â¬â¢s messenger) amidst the sinister looking smoky black clouds. These objects stand out, as they are all white contrasting against a dark grey background. there is a symmetrical balance in the artwork. The man and the goat are sitting on the grass outside of a village. This could mean they are not wanted inside the village Ã¢â¬â this shows the persecution of the Jews. The sacrificial goat is another strong symbol of the Jewish religion, in this painting it looks as though it is providing some form of hope and comfort to the man as it sits next to him in a loyal manner looking up at him. The name Ã¢â¬Å"SolitudeÃ¢â¬ represents the cultural persecution of the Jews throughout Europe in 1933. Due to the Nazi rule, Jews were especially feeling hated in this era. This artwork demonstrates what the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s were doing to the whole Jewish race and is a political dissent. Through his use of the Torah, sacrificial goat, the historical rabbi figure and GodÃ¢â¬â¢s messenger the angel, Chagall intentionally signifies the turn of Europe in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ethnicity, religion and class are all aspects of this painting as the Jewish religion and ethnicity are shown to have no power in Europe as the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s attempted genocide. In 1933, Nazi general, Goebbels had ordered some of ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s works to be publically burnt in Mannheim, Germany. In 1941, Chagall and his family moved to the United States of America to flee the Jewish persecution in Europe. 3 years later, his beloved wife Bella died. This stunted his creativity for a momentous amount of time. He soon regained his spirits and returned to France with his new wife Virginia Haggard and together they worked in theatre. Virginia left him, and then in 1952 Chagall met and married Valentine Brodski who encouraged him to get back to painting. In 1968 Russia held an exhibition to honour the works of Chagall. In 1985, Chagall reached his death while in France and was aged 97 years old. Chagall said, Ã¢â¬Å"In our life there is a single colour, as on an artists palette, which provides the meaning of life and art. It is the colour of love. Ã¢â¬ ChagallÃ¢â¬â¢s works were inspired by love, his childhood, the environment and his religion, which made his works so passionate and popular with the public. They were often influenced by the Cubists, Fauvist and Surrealist movements, which fitted so well with his motifs.